Reframe Japan, Wabi-Sabi

Toki-ishi Characteristics

Characteristics of Toki-ishi

It is interesting, however, beautiful jasper is not necessarily a preferred Toki-ishi. One reason is that simple Toki-ishi is monotonous and tiresome. The other reason is because Japanese like Wabi-Sabi. The followings are considered as preferable characteristics of Toki-ishi:

Hoke (ホケ or 惚け)

The meaning of Hoke is come from getting old and fading away in Japanese. The actual reason of the fade-away of the color is unclear, however, it is considered by long exposure to the sun. Actually, Toki-ishi whose color is fading away are found many and it seems to be because of the sun.

The following photo is Hoke of Toki-ishi.
Hoke of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のホケ )

You might think that it is just white stone. However, by putting water spray on the stone, you can see the color.

Hoke of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のホケ )

Striped pattern can be seen.
Hoke of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のホケ )

Hoke of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のホケ )

Hoke of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のホケ )

Kusare(クサレ or 腐れ)

The meaning of Kusare is decomposing of tree. Toki-ishi was used to be tree and in that time, because of the decomposing, silica could not be permeated into the area. And around the area was not changed into jasper. The area are whitish and weak.

The following is quote from緋山酔恭の山水石美術館 as a picture of Kusare of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のクサレ ):

 Kusare of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のクサレ )

Mushikui(ムシクイ or 虫喰い)

The meaning of Mushikui is vermicular holes. By the vermicular holes, silica could not be permeated into the area. And around the area was not changed into jasper. The area are whitish and weak.

The difference from the Kusare is the pattern or shape of the whitish area. Kusare is bigger than Mushikui and the pattern is atypical although the pattern of Mushikui is hole.

The following is quote from緋山酔恭の山水石美術館 as a picture of Mushikui of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のムシクイ ):

 Mushikui of Toki-ishi ( 土岐石のムシクイ )